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Loyalist Ships

Loyalist Ships

Many Loyalists came to Canada by ship, especially those who settled in the Maritime provinces and, to a lesser extent, in Quebec. In this section we are developing a list of ships with some basic details about each voyage, along with secondary details including passenger lists etc.

When the terms of peace became known, tens of thousands of the Loyalists shook the dust of their ungrateful country from their feet, never to return. The party sailed from New York, in nine transport ships, on October 19, 1782, and arrived a few days later at Annapolis Royal.

On April 26, 1783, the first or 'spring' fleet set sail. It had on board no less than seven thousand persons, men, women, children, and servants. Half of these went to the mouth of the river St John, and about half to Port Roseway, at the south-west end of the Nova Scotian peninsula. All summer and autumn the ships kept plying to and fro.

In June, the 'summer fleet' brought about 2,500 colonists to St John River, Annapolis, Port Roseway, and Fort Cumberland. By August 23 John Parr, the governor of Nova Scotia, wrote that 'upward of 12,000 souls have already arrived from New York,' and that as many more were expected. By the end of September he estimated that 18,000 had arrived, and stated that 10,000 more were still to come. By the end of the year he computed the total immigration to have amounted to 30,000. As late as January 15, 1784, the refugees were still arriving.

The table below provides basic details on a number of Loyalist ships. Where the name of the ship (in the left-most column) is a link, click for more detailed information. Click on a column heading at the top to sort the table by the contents of that column, in ascending or descending order.

Ship Database

Ship Departed Date Landed Date Passengers Notes
Alexander New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 116 Evacuation of NY [A]
Amity's Production New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 62 Evacuation of NY [A]
Amphitrite New York 1782 Annapolis 1782, Oct. 19 360 Evacuation of NY [A]
Ann New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 204 Evacuation of NY [A]
Ann New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 103 Evacuation of NY [A]
Ann & Elizabeth     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Antelope Gordon     Bremer Lee (German port)     from The Book of Negroes
Apollo New York 1783, Jun. 8 (?) Port Roseway, NS      
Apollo New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 605 Evacuation of NY [A]
Argo St. Augustine, FL   Halifax 1784, Jul. 13    
Ariel New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, Jun. 10-12 185 Evacuation of NY [A]
Aurora New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 212 Evacuation of NY [A]
Aurora New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 111 Evacuation of NY [A]
Baker & Atlee     Port Roseway / Shelburne; Quebec     from The Book of Negroes
Beaver, sloop     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Berwick     England     from The Book of Negroes
Betsey     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Blacket     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Bonetta Halifax 1783, Aug. 25 Port Roseway 1783, Oct. 4;  
Bridgewater New York 1784, Nov. 1 Spithead/Portsmouth 1784, Dec. 172 Evacuation of NY [A]
Britain     mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Brothers New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 139 Evacuation of NY [A]
Camel New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 135 Evacuation of NY [A]
Caron     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Charming Nancy     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Clinton New York 1783, August Halifax     Evacuation of NY
Clinton New York 1783, Sept. 20 Halifax     Evacuation of NY
Clinton New York 1783, Nov. 14 Halifax     Evacuation of NY
Commerce New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 117 Evacuation of NY [A]
Commerce New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 262 Evacuation of NY [A]
Commerce New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 262 Evacuation of NY [A]
Cyclops     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Cyrus New York 1783, Aug. 21 St. John 1783, Sept. 195 from The Book of Negroes
Danger     [no destination given]     from The Book of Negroes
Diana New York 1783, Dec. 17 New Brunswick 1783, Dec. 24    
Duchess of Gordon New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 97 Evacuation of NY [A]
Duke of Richmond New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 669 Evacuation of NY [A]
Eagle, schooner     Port Roseway / Shelburne; mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Elijah     Port Mattoon (near Shelburne)     from The Book of Negroes
Elizabeth New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 83 Evacuation of NY [A]
Elizabeth New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 509 Evacuation of NY [A]
Elk     Port Mattoon (near Shelburne)     from The Book of Negroes
Emmett New York         Evacuation of NY
Enterprise     Spithead; Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Escape New York 1782, late Sept. New Brunswick 1782, Oct. 19 70 Evacuation of NY [A]
Esther     River Saint John 1783, Oct. 10 (?)    
Fanny New York 1783 Shelburne, NS 1783 130
Fishburn New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 130 Evacuation of NY [A]
Friends     Halifax; mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Friendship     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Generous Friends New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 49 Evacuation of NY [A]
Grace New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 65 Evacuation of NY [A]
Grand Duchess of Russia New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 113 Evacuation of NY [A]
Grand Duchess of Russia New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 12 Evacuation of NY [A]
Greg     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Happy Couple New York 1782, late Sept. New Brunswick 1782, Oct. 19 76 Evacuation of NY [A]
Hero     Spithead; Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Hesperus     Mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Hind     Spithead; Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Hope New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 167 Evacuation of NY [A]
Hopewell New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 105 Evacuation of NY [A]
Jane     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Jason New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 124 Evacuation of NY [A]
Jenney     Port Mattoon (near Shelburne)     from The Book of Negroes
John & Jane     [no destination given]     from The Book of Negroes
John & Mary New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 232 Evacuation of NY [A]
Joseph New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 47 Evacuation of NY [A]
Katy, sloop     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
King George New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27   Evacuation of NY [A]
Kingston     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
L'Abondance     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Ladies Adventure     Spithead; Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Lady's Adventure New York       448 Evacuation of NY [A]
Lehigh     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Littledale New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 81 Evacuation of NY [A]
London Frigate     Port Roseway / Shelburne; Bremer Lee (a German port)     from The Book of Negroes
Lord Townsend New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 116 Evacuation of NY [A]
Lord Townshend     Mouth of St. John River     from The Book of Negroes
Lucifer Fireship     Spithead     from The Book of Negroes
Lydia, sloop     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Mars New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 208 Evacuation of NY [A]
Martha New York 1783, Sept. 15 New Brunswick
or ship sank, some survived?
1783, Sept. 27
or ship sank?
72 Evacuation of NY [A]
Mary New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 77 Evacuation of NY [A]
Mary New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 106 Evacuation of NY [A]
Mercury New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 197 Evacuation of NY [A]
Michael     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Mid-Summer Blossom     Halifax     from The Book of Negroes
Milford     Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Minerva     Spithead     from The Book of Negroes
Molly     Spithead     from The Book of Negroes
Montague New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 101 Evacuation of NY [A]
Montague New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 355 Evacuation of NY [A]
Nancy New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 175 Evacuation of NY [A]
Nancy, schooner     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Nancy, brig     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Nancy, ship     Halifax; mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Narcissus New York 1783, Aug. 25 Port Roseway 1783, Oct. 4;  
Nautilus     Abaco (Barbadoes)     from The Book of Negroes
Neptune New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 176 Evacuation of NY [A]
Nero     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Nicholas & Jane     Fort Cumberland (NS/NB border)     from The Book of Negroes
Nisbet     Port Mattoon (near Shelburne)     from The Book of Negroes
Pallisar New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 215 Evacuation of NY [A]
Pallacier     Spithead     from The Book of Negroes
Passesier     mouth of St. John River     from The Book of Negroes
Peggy New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 58 Evacuation of NY [A]
Polly     Mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Polly to Peggy New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 53 Evacuation of NY [A]
Prince of Orange     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Prosperous Amelia     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Providence     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Ranger New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 217 Evacuation of NY [A]
Ranger, brig     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Rebecca     Spithead; Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Robert & Elizabeth     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Roy Britton     Germany     from The Book of Negroes
Sally New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 117 Evacuation of NY [A]
Sally New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Oct. 17 144 Evacuation of NY [A]
Sally, schooner     Port Roseway / Shelburne; mouth of St. John River     from The Book of Negroes
Selina     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Skuldham     Annapolis Royal     from The Book of Negroes
Sloop Delight     mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Sovereign New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 245 Evacuation of NY [A]
Sovereign New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 44 Evacuation of NY [A]
Sovereign New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 243 Evacuation of NY [A]
Spencer New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, June 10-12 139 Evacuation of NY [A]
Spencer New York 1783, Aug. 4 New Brunswick 1783, Aug. 14 87 Evacuation of NY [A]
Spring     mouth of St. John River, NB     from The Book of Negroes
Stafford     Port Roseway / Shelburne; Halifax     from The Book of Negroes
Supply     Halifax     from The Book of Negroes
Sybill     The Downs (UK port?)     from The Book of Negroes
Symmetry New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 147 Evacuation of NY [A]
Tartar New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 77 Evacuation of NY [A]
Thames New York 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 92 Evacuation of NY [A]
Thetis     Fort Cumberland (NS/NB border)     from The Book of Negroes
Three Friends New York 1782, late Sept. New Brunswick 1782, Oct. 19 106 Evacuation of NY [A]
Three Sisters New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 75 Evacuation of NY [A]
Tree Briton     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Trepassey     Fort Cumberland (NS/NB border)     from The Book of Negroes
Trident     Bremer Lee (German port)     from The Book of Negroes
Two Sisters Long Island 1783, Jun. 16 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 5 224 Evacuation of NY [A]
Union New York 1783, Apr. 27 New Brunswick 1783, May 11 164 Evacuation of NY [A]
Venus     Port Roseway / Shelburne     from The Book of Negroes
Volcano Fireship     Spithead     from The Book of Negroes
William New York 1782, late Sept. New Brunswick 1782, Oct. 19 82 Evacuation of NY [A]
William New York 1783, Jul. 8 New Brunswick 1783, Jul. 24 127 Evacuation of NY [A]
William New York 1783, fall New Brunswick 1783, Sept. 27 345 Evacuation of NY [A]
William and Mary     Annapolis Royal; Germany; Halifax     from The Book of Negroes



Thanks to Stuart Langridge for the table-sorting script.